Contraceptive Options to Avoid Pregnancy

When you want to spend some intimate time with your partner, you may want to protect yourself against pregnancy. It is also important to protect yourself against sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including Chlamydia and HIV. Here are some of the contraceptive options to help avoid pregnancy and STIs.

Abstinence Is 100% Effective

The only type of contraception that is 100% effective is abstinence. This means that you avoid sexual contact completely.

It isn’t the most fun option but there are many support groups to make this happen.

You may have a religious view to save yourself for marriage or a moral view of sex without being in a committed relationship.



The Male Condom

While it is only 97% effective, it is one of two forms of contraception that protect against STIs (excluding abstinence). All the rest only protect against pregnancy.

The problem is that you cannot use it yourself; you have to get your partner to do it. Men have a tendency to shy away from condoms but here are some other options.

The Contraceptive Implant

This is a small device that is placed under the arm. It is not visible and leaves the tiniest of scars.

It is 99% effective and helps to stop the menstrual cycle, sending a hormone effectively telling the body it is pregnant.

Not all women get along with the implant and it can lead to irregular cycles. The implant has to be fitted and removed by a trained professional.



The Coil

This is placed inside the cervix and is fitted by trained professionals. You will not feel it and part of it is placed into the uterus.

It stops the sperm from getting into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There is no need to remember to take a pill every day but it is not suitable for all women.

There are some who struggle with irregular bleeds and periods can be longer and heavier, which is off-putting for many.

The Contraceptive Injection

This is administered by professionals every eight or 12 weeks, depending on the injection used.

It is a great way to avoid having to take the pill and is highly effective (more than 99% when used correctly).

It does not contain oestrogen, which is perfect for those who find that they cannot take the pill for this reason.



The Female Condom

This is the only other option that will protect against STIs. It is used by women and is placed inside the vagina before intercourse.

It works like a male condom but is not as effective (only 95%). While they are strong, they can tear. They may also slip out of place during intercourse.

The Contraceptive Pill

The pill is one of the most common forms of contraception used and is over 50 years old!

It is highly effective and there are different types available, including the progesterone only pill for those unable to handle oestrogen pills.

The problem is that you will have to remember to take a pill a day, at the same time every day.

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